Bill Hao

Director
Global Research & Design
Biography

Bill Hao is Director, Global Research & Design at S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI). In this role, he is responsible for the conceptualization, research, and design of global strategies. He specializes in factor, alternative beta, and thematic equity indices.

Prior to joining S&P DJI in 2017, Bill had 10 years of experience in quantitative equity research and investment and 17 years of experience in quant analytics. Bill was a senior portfolio manager at Winsight Global Asset Management. Before that, he held assistant vice president and quant analyst positions in investment and research at ING Investment Management, Asia Pacific region. Bill also worked as a quantitative analyst at Panagora Asset Management and lead research analyst at Liberty Mutual Insurance Group.

Bill holds a bachelor’s degree in engineering from Northeastern University of China, a master’s degree in biostatistics from the University of Minnesota, and an MBA in finance from Cornell University.

Author Archives: Bill Hao

Using GARP Strategies for Indices Part IV – Factor Exposures, Sector Composition, and Performance Attribution

In this blog, the fourth in our introduction to Growth at a Reasonable Price (GARP) strategies, we cover factor exposures, sector composition, and performance attribution. Targeted Factor Exposures Exhibit 1 shows the active exposures (in percentages) of the S&P 500® GARP Index to the five factors used in GARP strategies: three-year sales per share (SPS) Read more […]

Using GARP Strategies for Indices Part III – Risk and Return

In this blog, the third in our introduction to Growth at a Reasonable Price (GARP) strategies, we look at risk and return. The main objective of the S&P 500® GARP Index is to capture the performance of growth stocks with relatively high quality and value composite scores over a long-term investment horizon. Historically, the GARP Read more […]

Using GARP Strategies for Indices Part II – Constituent Selection

In a previous blog, we took the first and second steps in our Growth at a Reasonable Price (GARP) strategy construction. We introduced the GARP investment strategy and showed how it can be implemented systematically. In this blog, we will take the third and fourth steps: using a multi-factor sequential filtering process for security selection Read more […]

Using GARP Strategies for Indices

In this blog (and three subsequent posts) we will explore using Growth at a Reasonable Price (GARP) principles for investment in indices. GARP is a well-known, much-practiced, fundamental-driven investment strategy. It seeks to balance between the pure growth strategy and pure valuation strategy, as the former tends to chase high growth yet expensive stocks, while Read more […]

Performance Attribution of the S&P 500® Quality Index

The past two months saw bouts of market volatility, which in turn is causing market participants to refocus on defensive equity strategies. Quality, together with other defensive factors such as low volatility, has a higher degree of downside protection compared with other risk factors like value or momentum. For example, during months in which the Read more […]

Measuring Earnings Quality – Balance Sheet Accruals Ratio Versus Earnings Variability

The balance sheet accruals ratio (BSA)[1] is widely used in the investment community to measure earnings quality.[2] This is in part due to accruals being perceived as transient and subject to considerable estimations, manipulations, and potential misrepresentations.[3] BSA is one of the three quality metrics used in the S&P Quality Index Series. We define BSA Read more […]

Combining the Quality Factor With Carbon-Efficient Portfolios – A Higher Quality Tilt With a Lower Carbon Footprint

In a previous blog, we highlighted that carbon-efficient firms tended to be high-quality companies. Moreover, integrated quality + carbon-efficiency hypothetical portfolios tended to have higher risk-adjusted returns and were more carbon efficient than the underlying benchmark. In this blog, we look into the risk and return characteristics of those hypothetical portfolios. This exercise helps us Read more […]

Integrating Carbon Risk With the Quality Factor

In a prior blog, we demonstrated that a sector-relative, carbon-efficient portfolio was superior to a sector-unconstrained one when forming low-carbon portfolios. In this blog, we explore the integration of carbon risk in quality factor portfolios. High-quality companies seek to generate higher profitability and enjoy more stable growth than “average” companies. Equally important, high-quality companies seek Read more […]

Carbon-Efficient Portfolio Construction Part 2: Sector-Relative Improves Efficiency

In a prior blog, we demonstrated that unconstrained carbon-efficient portfolios have significant unintended (and unfavorable) sector and risk factor tilts that can drag down performance. In this follow-up blog, we explore potential ways sector-relative, carbon-efficient portfolios can address the drawbacks of sector-unconstrained, carbon-efficient portfolios. To form sector-relative, carbon-efficient quintile portfolios, we ranked and grouped securities Read more […]

Carbon-Efficient Portfolio Construction Part 1: Unconstrained Versus Sector Relative

As more institutions start to adopt low-carbon investing into their investment processes, it’s important to understand portfolio implications of incorporating carbon risk. We recently published a research paper in which we demonstrated how carbon efficiency can be integrated into factor portfolios. In a series of blog posts, we will be discussing our findings. We evaluated Read more […]