In 2015, the S&P BSE SENSEX remained volatile and ended in the red, at -3.68%. In contrast, the S&P BSE India Government Bond Index ended the year in the black, at 8.33%. The net investment by domestic mutual funds in the Indian equity and debt markets was significantly higher than the net investment by foreign investors. Domestic mutual funds invested INR 721.98 billion and INR 4,340.99 billion in equity and debt markets, respectively. Meanwhile, foreign investors added INR 178.08 billion and 458.57 billion, respectively. Investors displayed mixed sentiments, let’s take a quick look at the performance of Indian large-cap equity funds from the latest SPIVA India Scorecard produced by S&P Dow Jones Indices and Asia Index Private Limited.
- Over the one-, three-, and five-year periods that ended in December 2015, 36%, 47%, and 57% of large-cap equity funds in India, respectively, underperformed the S&P BSE 100.
- Over the five-year period studied, the survivorship rate was low, at 70%, and the asset-weighted fund return was 103 bps higher than the equal-weighted fund return. This shows that the funds with a larger asset base had the advantage of the economies of scale over the five-year period.
- The return spread between the first and the third quartile break points of the fund performance was 4.59% over the five-year period, demonstrating that there was a wide dispersion in the returns of the funds in this category over this period.
|Exhibit 1: Indian Equity Large- Cap Fund Characteristics|
|Statistic||Five-Year Period (%)|
|Funds Outperformed by the S&P BSE 100||56.52|
|Equal-Weighted Fund Returns||7.53|
|Asset-Weighted Fund Returns||8.57|
|S&P BSE 100 Returns||7.09|
|First Quartile Breakpoint||10.01|
|Second Quartile Breakpoint||8.22|
|Third Quartile Breakpoint||5.42|
Source: SPIVA India Year-End 2015 Scorecard. Data as of Dec. 31, 2015. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Table is provided for illustrative purposes.
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