On Oct. 21, 2019, S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI) launched the S&P GSCI Skim Milk Powder, an expansion of the single-commodity series offering of indices based on the S&P GSCI and the first index of its kind in the market. The S&P GSCI Skim Milk Powder is designed to provide investors with a reliable and publicly available investment performance benchmark for skim milk powder (SMP).
The S&P GSCI Skim Milk Powder is based on the NZX SMP futures contract, and it represents the first Oceania-based single-commodity index for the S&P GSCI index series.
Until now, dairy has been an inaccessible commodity for many market participants. The S&P GSCI Skim Milk Powder seeks to offer access to the return stream of a unique asset that is uncorrelated to major commodities such as gold but, at the same time, has a strong relationship to the New Zealand dollar and the New Zealand equity market.
There may also be opportunities for participants in the physical dairy market to utilize financial products based on the S&P GSCI Skim Milk Powder in conjunction with other risk management instruments. Broadening the financial instruments available to hedgers in the global dairy market is an important goal of the S&P GSCI Skim Milk Powder.
The S&P GSCI Skim Milk Powder joins the following two additional S&P GSCI dairy commodity indices that were launched by S&P DJI earlier this year based on CME futures contracts by the same name.
- The S&P GSCI Nonfat Dry Milk, which is designed to provide investors with a reliable and publicly available benchmark for investment performance in the dry milk market.
- The S&P GSCI Class III Milk, which seeks to provide investors with a reliable and publicly available benchmark for investment performance in the milk market.
The Global Dairy Market in Perspective
According to the International Dairy Federation, the consumption of dairy products is expected to increase by 25% between 2015 and 2024. While SMP is only a relatively small proportion of global dairy consumption, it is a large proportion of the global dairy trade. The dairy export market is dominated by milk powder, with approximately 3.9 million metric tons of SMP and whole milk powder traded annually.
Importance of Dairy to the New Zealand Economy
Dairy represents the largest export industry in New Zealand, and the dairy sector contributes NZD 7.8 billion (3.5%) to New Zealand’s total GDP. Export revenue from dairy farming was NZD 15.1 billion in 2017-2018, equivalent to 28% of the total value of New Zealand’s merchandise exports. This is more than two times the meat sector, three times the wood sector, and seven times the wine sector. New Zealand is the third-largest SMP exporter in the world after the EU and the U.S. China is most important destination for New Zealand’s dairy product exports.